Liver cancer is a kind of cancer in which malignant cells are found in the liver, the second biggest organ in our body. The liver weighs approximately 2 to 6 pounds and is positioned in the right upper stomach. The liver has numerous tasks, such as secreting bile and metabolizing carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and detoxifying substances.
The liver is susceptible to illnesses, including cancer. There are several types of cancer that may develop in the liver of adults, including:
* hepatocellular carcinoma, also known as hepatoma (most common type of liver cancer)
Liver cancer can also be classified as primary or secondary . Primary liver cancer is cancer that started in the liver. Cancer that has spread to the liver from an additional location in the body is secondary liver cancer.
“Hepatoblastoma” is a rare type of liver cancer that can develop in children. Since hepatoblastoma is very rare and is a childhood cancer, this article will solely reference adult primary liver cancer.
Liver Cancer Symptoms
Liver cancer does not present any signs in the early stages. As the ailment progresses, indicators of liver cancer include:
unintentional weight loss B B B
jaundice (the yellowing of the skin and eyes)
B unintentional weight loss
pain or discomfort that occurs in the right shoulder blade
pain and/or discomfort on the right side of the abdomen
B Liver Cancer Diagnosis
Blood work (such as liver function tests), tumor markers, and o;? a hepatitis panelo;? are usually the first methods in diagnosing liver cancer. One particular test, the alpha-fetoprotein tumor maker test (AFP), may perhaps be ordered for screening liver diseases. A tumor marker test measures the amount of substances in the body released by cells and organs. Many times, an increase in the level of these substances can indicate particular diseases. The AFP test may point out liver cancer if there is a raise in particular levels.
A liver biopsy may be obtained through laparoscopic surgery as well. Transjugular biopsy is less common, but it is an possibility when there is a worry about blood clotting or excessive fluid in the stomach.
Ultimately, it is a biopsy that establishes whether cancer is present or not. In the course of a liver biopsy, a really small needle is put in to the liver via a little incision made in the skin. The biopsy needle gets a small sample of liver tissue, and the needle is removed. You are given a local anesthetic for the process, and it is performed generally on an outpatient basis at a hospital.